Lemmata

No. Lemma Meaning Part_Of_Speech Classification Gender Etymology DIL_Headword
1 (Roman numerals) numeral
2 -(s)a· which, who, whose pronoun_relative *sosin? (Schrijver Ériu 45. 178-9) ; *san ; www.dil.ie/6
3 .i. id est, it is unk.
4 ?
5 len.rel.particle leniting relative particle particle_relative *i̯o
6 nas.rel.particle nasalising relative particle particle_relative *i̯on
7 1sg.poss.pron. my pronoun_possessive *men, influenced by 2sg. www.dil.ie/32400
8 2sg.poss.pron. your (sg.) pronoun_possessive *tou̯- www.dil.ie/17097
9 3pl.inf.pron. them pronoun_infixed *(de)-sūs www.dil.ie/14070 ; www.dil.ie/35819
10 3pl.poss.pron. their pronoun_possessive *ei̯sōm www.dil.ie/3
11 3sg.fem.inf.pron. her pronoun_infixed *sii̯an ; *(de)-san www.dil.ie/14070 ; www.dil.ie/35819
12 3sg.fem.poss.pron. her pronoun_possessive *esi̯ās www.dil.ie/3
13 3sg.fem.suf.pron. her pronoun_suffixed *sūs www.dil.ie/43302
14 3sg.masc./neut.poss.pron. his, its pronoun_possessive *esi̯o www.dil.ie/3
15 3sg.masc.indp.pron. he, him, it pronoun_independent *esi̯o www.dil.ie/19325 ; www.dil.ie/26871;
16 3sg.masc.inf.pron. him pronoun_infixed *(de)-en www.dil.ie/14069 ; www.dil.ie/11
17 3sg.neut.inf.pron. it pronoun_infixed *(de)-e www.dil.ie/14069 ; www.dil.ie/11; www.dil.ie/27168
18 a 6 temporal: when, since conjunction *som www.dil.ie/8 ; www.dil.ie/7
19 a 8 the definite_article *sen www.dil.ie/28194 ; www.dil.ie/9
20 ab (Lat) from, away from, out of, down from, since, after, by, at, in, on, etc. preposition
21 Abae Loch Awe, W. Scotland proper_noun
22 aball apple-tree noun ā fem. *abalnā- www.dil.ie/40
23 Abán 'small bishop' or 'small river'? proper_noun o masc. abb + -án? or aub + -án?
24 abb head of a monastery, abbot noun t masc. < Lat. abbas, abbatis www.dil.ie/3853
25 abbās abbot noun
26 abbātissa abbess noun
27 Abél Abel proper_noun o masc. < Lat. Abel < Hebrew הֶבֶל
28 Aberte Perhaps Dunaverty in Kintyre, Scotland. proper_noun
29 Abnér Abner, 'father of light' proper_noun indecl. masc. < Lat. Abner < Hebrew אבנר
30 abrae 1 eyelashes, eyelids, eyebrow (?) noun nt masc. *abre/ant- www.dil.ie/77
31 abscondō to conceal, to cover verb
32 abundātiō overflowing, abundance noun
33 accendō to set on fire, to kindle verb
34 accipiō to take (possession), to accept verb
35 achad expanse of ground, pasture noun o masc. *akedo- www.dil.ie/186
36 Achall Achall, Hill of Skryne near Tara proper_noun ā? fem.
37 acht 1 except, but, provided that, save that particle_focus *ektos www.dil.ie/200 www.dil.ie/203
38 ācriter sharply, strongly adverb
39 ad (Lat) to, towards, up to, for preposition
40 ad· 1 aspectual and lexicalized meanings particle_preverb *ad ; *ati www.dil.ie/247
41 ad·cí to see, to observe verb H2 *ad-ku̯is-, prefect supplemented by *ad-kom-derk-. In the narrative past, the form is co·n-accae, negative ní accae (GOI §536); the verb ro·cluinethar is the same: co·cúalae, ní cúalae. This pattern of having an extra ‘preverbal’ element in an independent form and not in the dependent is a similar to the pattern of those verbs discussed in GOI §543). www.dil.ie/391
42 ad·cota to get, to obtain, to receive verb H1 *ad-kom-tā-, prototonic *ad-in-tā- ; *en-(com-)tā- www.dil.ie/404
43 ad·guid to invoke sureties, to warrant with sureties verb S2 *ad-gu̯ed-i̯e/o- www.dil.ie/467
44 ad·rími to count, to enumerate, to reckon verb W2a *ad-rīmī- www.dil.ie/550
45 adaig night, eve of a day or festival noun ī fem. *ad-aku̯ī- www.dil.ie/256;
46 addō to add, to bring to, to put, place, lay; to acquire, annex, augment verb -
47 adipiscor to reach, to arrive at verb
48 ádmar of great luck, fortunate, successful adjective o/ā *ādu-māro/ā- www.dil.ie/496
49 adomnae great fear noun i̯ā fem. *ad-φoβn-i̯ā- www.dil.ie/528
50 Adomnán 'small great-fear' proper_noun o masc. *ad-φoβn-agno-
51 aduentus arrival, coming noun
52 aduertō to turn to, ppp. aduersus: opposite, hostile verb
53 aduīsitō to visit verb
54 áe 5 unk. noun unk. unk. A deity name *Aisos?
55 áed fire ; “Flame, Fire” noun u masc. *ai̯du- www.dil.ie/613
56 Áedacán 'small flame' proper_noun o masc. áed + -óc + -án
57 Áedán 'small fire' proper_noun o masc. *ai̯du-agno-
58 Áedgal 'fire-fury' proper_noun ā fem. *ai̯do-galā-
59 Áedgen 'fire-birth' proper_noun o masc. *ai̯du-geno-
60 aedificō to build, to erect verb
61 Áedlug 'fire-Lug' proper_noun u masc. *ai̯du-lugu-
62 Áedóc Hypocoristic form of Áed proper_noun indecl. masc.
63 Áedu 'fire-fighter'? proper_noun k masc. *ai̯du-u̯ik- or *ai̯d-ōk-?
64 Ælfwine 'elf-friend' proper_noun masc. *alba-weniz
65 Ælli proper_noun masc. or Ælla
66 aemulus rivaling, jealous adjective
67 aequinoctium equinox noun neut. -
68 aequus equal, even, just adjective
69 āēr air noun masc./fem. < Greek ᾱ̓ήρ
70 aestās summer noun
71 aetās lifetime, age noun fem. -
72 Æþelbald 'noble-bold' proper_noun masc. *aþalja-baldaz
73 Æthelflæd 'noble beauty' proper_noun fem. *aþalja-? cf. German Unflat, etc.
74 Æthelfrith 'noble-peace' proper_noun masc. *aþalja-friþuz
75 Æthelstan 'noble-stone' proper_noun masc. *aþalja-stainaz
76 Æthelwulf 'noble-wolf' proper_noun masc. *aþalja-wulfaz
77 Afiath 'fondness, love' proper_noun fem. < Lat. affectus? prob. via British, MW Affeith?
78 Afraic Africa proper_noun ā fem. < Lat. āfrica www.dil.ie/666
79 Āfrica (North) Africa proper_noun
80 agad face, countenance, honour noun ā fem. www.dil.ie/678
81 agō to do, to make, to conduct verb -
82 agōn contest, public games noun
83 Aiccidán 'small tenant'? proper_noun o masc. accaid + -án (<*-agno-)? or < Lat. Aquitanus?
84 aicclech ? preparing, readily against? adjective o/ā *ad-ku̯ei̯ll-āko/ā- ?
85 Aichthen? proper_noun o masc.
86 aicme race, family, tribe, genus, class noun i̯ā fem. www.dil.ie/805
87 Aidne 1 HDGP A-27: diocese of Kilmacduagh, b. Kiltartan c. Galway proper_noun i̯o unk. www.dil.ie/898
88 aig ice noun i fem. *i̯egi- www.dil.ie/909
89 aige 1 driving, racing, celebrating festival verbal_noun i̯ā fem. *agi̯ā-, vn. of aigid www.dil.ie/914
90 aigid to drive, to impel, to celebrate, to prosecute verb S1c *ag-e/o-, fut.stem *φiφlā- www.dil.ie/933
91 Aigle District around Croagh Patrick (HDGP A-28) proper_noun i̯ā fem.
92 Aignecha Onom.: probably the name of a district in NE. of c. Louth, nr. Carlingford Lough proper_noun o masc. probably the same word as aignech 'swift'?
93 Aignert 'ice-strength' proper_noun o neut. *i̯egi-nerto-
94 ail 1 rock, boulder, foundation noun i fem. *φali- www.dil.ie/954
95 Ailbe 'stone-striking' proper_noun i̯o masc. *φali-bii̯o-
96 Ailbine the River Delvin proper_noun i̯ā? fem.
97 Ailbran 'stone-raven' proper_noun o masc. *φali-brano-
98 Ailbrenn ? 'stone-breasted one'? proper_noun o masc. thematised from Ail + brú?
99 Ailchú 'stone-hound' proper_noun n masc. *φali-kun-
100 Aildobor 'stone-dark' proper_noun o masc. *φali-dubro/ā-
101 aile 1 other, another, else, second adjective_pronominal i̯o/i̯ā *ali̯o/i̯ā-, neut. *alno- ; *al-i̯o/i̯ā-, neut. *al-no-; It may be used as the ordinal numeral of dáu. www.dil.ie/978
102 ailech 1 pile of rocks, foundation noun ā fem. *φalikā- www.dil.ie/984
103 ailech 4 pile of rocks, foundation? Ailech in Inis nEogain noun o masc. *φaliko- www.dil.ie/984
104 Ailéine 'small rock' proper_noun i̯o masc. *φal-ign-i̯o-
105 ailén little rock, island noun o masc. *φal-igno- www.dil.ie/995
106 Ailenn Cnoc Ailinne, a seat of the King of Leinster proper_noun ā fem. www.dil.ie/998
107 Ailerán 'small fore-fighter'? proper_noun o masc. *φari-u̯ir-agno- or composed of airer 'coast' 'delight', etc.?
108 Ailgal 'stone-fury' proper_noun ā fem. *φali-galā-
109 Áilgenán 'small rock-birth' proper_noun o masc. *φali-gen-agno-
110 Ailgus 'stone-prowess' proper_noun u masc. *φali-gustu-
111 áilid to request, to demand verb W2a *ālī- www.dil.ie/1021
112 Ailill 'sprite, elf' (Ó Corráin Irish Names 17) proper_noun i masc. *allilli- ? W. ellyll
113 ailither pilgrim noun o/i? masc. *ali̯o-tīro- or *-tero-? i-stem? www.dil.ie/1031
114 ailithre pilgrimage noun i̯ā fem. *ali̯o-tīr-i̯ā- www.dil.ie/1032
115 Ailmedar 'stone-speech' proper_noun ā fem.
116 Ailngned 'rock-wonder' proper_noun o masc. *φali-in-gnāto-
117 ailt 3 height, great noun unk. fem. From Lat. altitudo, Wortk. 172 a.? www.dil.ie/1075
118 ainb ignorant adjective i/d *an-u̯id- www.dil.ie/1164
119 aindíaraid wrathful, angry, fierce, baleful, baneful adjective i www.dil.ie/1229
120 áindle hero, warrior? noun i̯o masc. www.dil.ie/1250
121 áine brightness, brilliance, splendour, delight noun i̯ā fem. *eφāni̯ā-? (LEIA A-72) www.dil.ie/1261
122 Ainfchellach 'not a fidchell player' or 'ignorant-minded'? proper_noun o masc. *an-u̯id(u)-ku̯ei̯ll-āko/ā-
123 ainfthech disquieting adjective o/ā *an-u̯ei̯t-āko/ā-
124 aingel 1 angel noun o masc. < Lat. angelus www.dil.ie/1364
125 Ainmchaid 'noble name' proper_noun u masc. *anm(o)-kādi-?
126 Ainmuire 'blemish-leader'? proper_noun k masc. ainim + muire?
127 Ainséine 'small ignorant one' or 'small unfortunate one'? proper_noun i̯o masc. ainfhis + -éine? or ainsén + *-i̯o-?
128 Áinsemán 'small accusation' proper_noun o masc. *ad-nes-īmu- + -án
129 airard very high, prominent adjective o/ā *φari-ardu̯o/ā- www.dil.ie/1597
130 airbolg huge belly, big sack noun o masc. *φari-bolgo-
131 airchall some part of the door, post? noun ā fem. www.dil.ie/1676
132 airchinnech head, leader, superior; administrator (of ecclesiastical land, monastic estate) noun o masc. *φari-ku̯enn-īko-? (GOI 223) ; denominative (adjectival): < airchinn www.dil.ie/1719
133 airde sign, token, portent, characteristic noun i̯o neut. *φari-u̯ei̯d-i̯o- 1 airde ; airde
134 aire 3 principal, chief, freeman, nobleman noun k masc. *φari-seku̯-? www.dil.ie/1885
135 airechtach of an assembly? adjective o/ā *φari-seχt-āko/ā-? www.dil.ie/1906
136 airecul oratory, chamber noun o neut. < Lat. ōrāculum airecul
137 aired tilled land? noun o masc.? www.dil.ie/1915
138 Airéne Onom.: on the banks of the Dodder proper_noun i̯o masc.
139 airer 1 coast, shore, border region noun o neut. *φari-oro-? www.dil.ie/1930
140 Airḟindán 'small very-fair person' proper_noun o masc. *φari-u̯ind-agno-
141 airḟolach concealment, ambush verbal_noun o neut. *φari-uφo-lou̯g-o- www.dil.ie/1983
142 airgabál act of taking hold of, capturing, arrest, capture, captivity verbal_noun ā fem. vn ar·gaib (*ar-gabi-) ; *φari-gabaglā-, vn. of ar·gaib www.dil.ie/1999
143 airgalach combative, warlike adjective o/ā *φari-gal-āko/ā- www.dil.ie/2011
144 Airgamain a place between Clonmacnois and Durrow (HDGP A-105) proper_noun o? masc. *φari + gaimen 'hide'?
145 Airgíallnai the Airgialla proper_noun i̯ā fem. in pl., *φari-gei̯stl-ani̯īs
146 Airgus 'great-prowess' proper_noun u masc. *φari-gustu-
147 airlid ? one providing council, councilor noun i masc. *φari-l(ā)-eti-
148 airlise (enclosed) area outside a (domestic) enclosure noun i̯ā fem. *φari-φlits-i̯ā- www.dil.ie/2219
149 Airlúachair 'east-marshes', Onom.: comprised SE. of Kerry (Lg. 45), with the adjoining parts of Limk. and Cork. proper_noun ī fem. *φari- + lúachair
150 Airmedach related to airmed 'a measure of grain'? adjective o/ā *φari-med-āko/ā-?
151 airnigde prayer, praying verbal_noun i̯ā fem. *φari-ni-gu̯ed-i̯ā-, vn. of ar·neget ; vn ar·neget (*air-ne-gudi-) www.dil.ie/2324
152 Airrendán 'small spear tip'? proper_noun o masc. *φari-rind-agno- ?
153 airros a high wooded promontory noun o masc. *φari-φro-sto-
154 airther front, east noun o neut. *φari-tero- www.dil.ie/2432
155 Airthir 'The Easterners', a people mostly in Co. Armagh, later in Orior. proper_noun o masc. in pl., *φari-teroi̯
156 airthraig fore-shore noun i masc./fem. *φari-trāgi-
157 Airthuile 'over-abundance' proper_noun i̯o neut. *φari-to-li-i̯o-
158 aithbe ebb, reflux (of sea), decline, decay, act of avenging verbal_noun i̯o neut. *ate-bii̯o- ; vn. *ati-bi-i̯o- www.dil.ie/2550
159 aithechdae of the status of an aithech, hence rent-paying, tributary, vassal, gigantic, boorish adjective i̯o/i̯ā *ati-u̯i-āk-odi̯o/ā-? www.dil.ie/2610
160 aitherrach act of repeating; repetition verbal_noun o neut. vn ad·eirrig (*ath(i)-ar-rig-) ; *ad-φari-reg-o-, vn. of ad·eirrig ; *ati-φari-reg-o-, vn. of ad·eirrig www.dil.ie/2630
161 aithgein rebirth, regeneration, likeness, equivalent, analogy, comparison, restitution verbal_noun n neut. *ate-gen-en-, vn. of ad·gainethar www.dil.ie/2656
162 alaile other, the other adjective_pronominal i̯o/i̯ā contracted from ala aile 'the other', < *ali̯o/i̯ā-, neut. *alno- ; grammaticalized compound: ala (unstressed form of aile) + aile www.dil.ie/2880
163 Albu Alba, the island of Britain, later Scotland proper_noun n fem. *albi̯on- www.dil.ie/2890
164 albus white, fair adjective
165 Aldacán 'small dear Ald' proper_noun o masc. ald + -óc + -án
166 Aldán ? proper_noun o masc. ald +*-agno-?
167 Aldchú '?-hound'? proper_noun n masc. ald + cú < *kun-
168 Aldnia '?-champion'? proper_noun t masc. ald + nia < *nei̯t-
169 alius other, the other adjective
170 allaid wild, undomesticated adjective i *alnati-? www.dil.ie/2930
171 Allchellach '?-head-bright'? proper_noun o masc. ald + ku̯enno-lou̯ko/ā- ?
172 alligō to bind up. to fetter verb
173 allud fame, glory noun u masc. www.dil.ie/2992
174 Almu the Hill of Allen, Co. Kildare proper_noun n fem.? *alami̯on-? www.dil.ie/3005
175 altae ? fostered, fosterling? adjective i̯o/i̯ā *al-ti̯o/i̯ā-? www.dil.ie/3019
176 alter the other adjective -
177 alternātim alternatively adverb
178 alumnus foster child noun
179 amail 1 as, like preposition acc. dat. sg of samail < *samali- www.dil.ie/3057
180 Amairgen 'lament-birth' proper_noun o masc. amar + -gen < *geno-
181 Amalngaid 'the impatient one'? proper_noun i masc. *am-long-i̯ati-?
182 ambō both adjective
183 amnis stream, rivulet, current noun
184 amoenus delightful, pleasant to look at adjective
185 amplus large, abundant, ample adjective
186 amrae wonderful, marvellous, extraordinary adjective i̯o/i̯ā *an-φrāu̯-i̯o/i̯ā- ; www.dil.ie/3201
187 an- negative: non-, un- ; from + words denoting points on the compass, and words denoting location generally particle_prefix *an < *n ; www.dil.ie/3240
188 án 2 bright, brilliant, glorious, fiery, glowing adjective o/ā *eφāno/ā-? cf. W. iawn www.dil.ie/3242
189 anachōrēta anchorite noun
190 anacul act of protecting, shielding, sparing, saving, giving quarter verbal_noun o neut. *aneg-tlo-, vn. of aingid ; vn. of aingid www.dil.ie/3264
191 anad act of staying, stopping, remaining, resting verbal_noun u masc. *anātu-, vn. of anaid ; vn anaid (*anā-) www.dil.ie/3265
192 anaiccentae unnatural, abnormal adjective i̯o/i̯ā *an-ad-keneti̯o/i̯ā-? www.dil.ie/3297
193 anaid 1 to stay, to remain, to abide, to cease verb W1 *anā- www.dil.ie/3302
194 ancharae anchorite, hermit noun nt masc. < Lat. anachōrēta but influenced by Ir. carae www.dil.ie/3441
195 andes from the right, from the south adverb compound: adverbial prefix an- 1 (GOI §483) + des www.dil.ie/3491
196 andobur ? not-dark? adjective o/ā *an-duβro/ā-
197 andud act of kindling, inspiring verbal_noun u masc. *andī-tu-, vn. of andaid ; vn andaid www.dil.ie/3526
198 Anfadán 'small fury person' proper_noun o masc. *an-u̯ei̯t-agno-
199 anflaith misrule, un-kingship, tyranny noun i fem. negative prefix an- + flaith www.dil.ie/3564
200 anfud tempest, turbulence, fury person noun o masc. *an-u̯ei̯to- www.dil.ie/3608