Written in Northern Italy, maybe Bobbio', (p. 27; Lofstedt, 1982, p. vii; Law, 1982, p. 97; Bischoff, 2004, p. 162). Although the manuscript is quite late, the gloss here is linguisically very old. Thurneysen, cited in Ó Cróinín (2001: 12), says that the gloss is 7th century, or around A.D. 700. This comment is made on the basis of the language (lack of syncope, unstressed vowel distinctions). Ó Cróinín (2001: 12) says that the orthography is old: it uses the letters <d>, <g>, <b> to represent voiced sounds even in medial position. This older system was disused later on. Even the comparably early Wb. prima manus uses it comparatively rarely. Ó Cróinín also points out that the gloss is marked out by the use of horizontal dashes over the letters. This is a feature of very early glosses. Later glosses are marked out with apices. Here I use the 30 year period between 685 and 715 to cover the late 7th and early 8th century, but it could be somewhat earlier, hence the weight.